Meaning of Baccalaureate - encyclopedia - 2023



What is Baccalaureate:

Baccalaureate is a degree programthat follows secondary education, despite the fact that in some countries, they can be part of it. The baccalaureate in the latter case is also called preparatory.

The baccalaureate is the studies that allow a student to obtain a bachelor's degree, a requirement for continuing studies at university institutions.

The National Baccalaureate System (SNB) in Mexico, for example, is defined as the mechanism of the Secretary of Public Education (SEP) to print on the profile of the graduate a common curricular framework for the delivery of generic, disciplinary and professional competences.

See also Competencies.

Types of baccalaureate

The types of baccalaureate are classified according to the specialty and the objectives of the studies to be taken:

General baccalaureate

The general baccalaureate is focused on the specialties of humanities and engineering and aims to continue studies to obtain a bachelor's degree.

Technological Baccalaureate

The technological baccalaureate specializes in knowledge about technology and industrial development. The goal is to continue with university studies.

Technical professional baccalaureate

The professional technical baccalaureate provides technological and scientific knowledge at the beginning of working life, with the option of being able to continue with other studies.

Baccalaureate Job Training Courses

Job training courses are created especially for job incorporation. They are also known as trades training.

Online Baccalaureate

The online baccalaureate or virtual baccalaureate are study systems for students who live in remote communities or with few options, have difficulty in the transfer due to a disability or people who want to continue their studies with interrupted schedules.

There are also high schools that mix the different types of formats, such as, for example, the distance bivalent technological baccalaureate (BTBD) is the continuation of undergraduate studies and the obtaining of a technical degree in the different specialties. The distance baccalaureate allows the additional development of communication skills, self-management and management of ICT.