Meaning of Flag of Chile - encyclopedia - 2023
- What is the Flag of Chile:
- Meaning of the colors of the Chilean flag
- Meaning of ‘the lonely star’ of the Chilean flag
What is the Flag of Chile:
The flag of the Republic of Chile is one of the national symbols of Chile and it is the distinctive by which it is known internationally. It is also affectionately called "the lone star."
The Chilean flag is made up of two horizontal stripes. The upper strip in blue and white and the lower strip in red. The blue in the upper stripe occupies a third of the stripe and is located in the upper left corner. The blue square contains in its center a white five-pointed star whose diameter is half the square.
The current model of the Chilean flag was legalized in 1817 and was the flag that was used for the oath of independence for Chile in 1818.
Its design is attributed to the Spanish military Antonio Arcos, although several historians mention Gregorio de Andía and Varela. It was conceived by José Ignacio Zenteno, Bernardo O'Higgins' minister of war.
The national flag of the Republic of Chile had two previous versions:
- The first version of the flag was created as a badge to identify the patriots in the time called Old Homeland (1810-1814). It was made up of three horizontal stripes of the same size with the colors blue in the upper stripe, white in the middle stripe, and yellow in the lower stripe.
- The second version It lasted eight months in 1817 and was designed by Juan Gregorio las Heras. It is called the "transition flag", and the only difference with the previous flag is the replacement of the yellow color by the red color in the lower band.
- The third version is the current
In 1907 the Chilean flag won the contest for the most beautiful national flag in Blankenberghe, Belgium.
Meaning of the colors of the Chilean flag
The blue and white color of the Chilean flag has its origin in the verses of Alonso de Ercilla: "By the breasts, skewed, crossed, blue, white and red bands". This verse would also become the warrior motto of the Mapuche indigenous people of Chilean territory during the time of the conquest.
The color red symbolizes the blood shed by war heroes on the battlefields, where they fought for independence.
Currently, both the color blue and the color white have less warlike symbologies. The blue color now represents the clear sky and the white the snow of the Andes mountain range.
Meaning of ‘the lonely star’ of the Chilean flag
The lone star on the flag of Chile represents the powers of the State: the Executive Power, the Legislative Power and the Judicial Power that would ensure the integrity of the nation.