Meaning of Population Growth - encyclopedia - 2023



What is Population Growth:

Population growth refers to increase in the number of inhabitants in a given space and time, which can be measured through an arithmetic formula. The term population growth can also be used as a synonym.

When mention is made of population growth you can refer to any animal speciesHowever, it is often used to refer to humans, especially when conducting research on population growth.

The data obtained from these analyzes are of great importance, both for the governments of a country and for the different international organizations.

It should be noted that during the 20th century the population of human beings has grown and continues to grow in a large percentage, which has generated concern, especially due to its consequences on the use and care of natural resources, among others.

Urban areas are those with the highest demographic growth, as well as, developing countries. On the contrary, population growth is lower in developed countries.

For example, population growth in Mexico has been increasing throughout its history, it is the country with the most Spanish-speaking inhabitants in Latin America. Mexico has a population of approximately 130 million inhabitants, and it is estimated that it will continue to grow thanks to various factors thanks to its continuous political, economic and social development.

See also:

  • Population.
  • Birth rate.

Types of population growth

There are two types of population growth called exponential growth and logistic growth.

Exponential growth- Presents the data with a J-shaped curve, reflecting how populations create very fast and then stop suddenly due to various factors.

Logistic growth: presents the population growth data through an S-shaped curve (sigmoid). It exposes the data of a population whose growth has a slow stage, then it picks up speed and grows and finally decreases gradually, seeking an equilibrium.

Population growth rate

The population growth rate is an index that is used in both demographic and ecological research to determine explain how the population has increased or decreased of a species in a specific place and time.

The results obtained are generally shown in percentages and are used both to compare with previous analyzes and to make future approximations.

On the other hand, the measurement of the population growth rate is directly affected by both four important indices: birth, mortality, emigration and immigration, which vary over time and due to various circumstances.

The formula to obtain the data on the population growth rate is obtained as follows:

Population growth rate = (population at the end of the period) - (population at the beginning of the period) / population at the beginning of the period.

However, the equation that is usually used to express the variations in population growth during a period and in percentage is the following:

Growth percentage = rate / growth x 100%

Now, if the result obtained is a positive value, then it means that the number of inhabitants of a country or region has increased.

Otherwise, if it returns a negative number, it is because population growth has decreased. But, in case of obtaining a zero as a result, that means that the population is balanced.

See also Demographics.

Factors influencing population growth

There are various factors that have influenced population growth, including the following.

  • The development and use of tools that facilitated various jobs such as housing construction, cultivation and food collection, among others.
  • Agricultural activity has been important for human development since it has allowed the construction of cities around it, commercial activity and cultural exchange.
  • The Industrial Revolution had a positive impact on human development after reaching the possibility of improving the quality of life of workers, delimiting working hours, increasing the number of jobs as well as technological development, among others.
  • Continuous development in the area of ​​health has also been a factor that has increased population growth by offering greater life expectancies, the possibility of avoiding and preventing diseases, among others.
  • Improvements in the quality of life, in general terms, that is, to have a good health and education system, the possibility of finding employment, political, economic and social stability; Among others, they have been factors that have increased the numbers of inhabitants in various towns.