Meaning of Scientific Knowledge - encyclopedia - 2023



What is Scientific Knowledge:

As scientific knowledge it is called the ordered, verified and systematized set of knowledge obtained in a methodical and systematic way from the study, observation, experimentation and analysis of phenomena or facts, for which it uses a series of rigorous procedures that provide the data and the conclusions obtained with validity, objectivity and universality.

As such, scientific knowledge is orderly, coherent, precise, objective, and universal. It is structured as a verifiable and interrelated system of knowledge that allows us to understand and explain the reality and phenomena of nature.

As such, scientific knowledge uses the scientific method, which is a set of rules and procedures by which a scientist must abide by to carry out a study or research whose results have scientific validity.

Characteristics of scientific knowledge

Scientific knowledge is mainly characterized by being a critical and well-founded knowledge, which proceeds in a methodical and systematic way; its conclusions are verifiable; the knowledge that it yields is unified, ordered, universal, objective, communicable, rational and provisional, which, in short, makes it possible to explain and predict facts or phenomena through laws or principles.

  • Critical: because it distinguishes between what is true and what is false, what is true and what is debatable.
  • Grounded: Because it bases its knowledge on evidence and data obtained through methodical and rigorous analysis.
  • Methodical: because it uses research methods and certain procedures that give rigor to study, observation and analysis.
  • Verifiable: because it can be proven by experience.
  • Systematic: because it constitutes a system of interrelated and interconnected ideas.
  • Unified: because its object is general and not unique knowledge.
  • Universal: because its validity is the same for everyone, there is no room for cultural relativity.
  • Aim: because the findings have a general value and not individual or subjective.
  • Communicable: because it can be communicated through scientific language.
  • Rational: because in him intelligence and human reason are fundamental.
  • Provisional: because today's finding can be refuted tomorrow by means of a more precise theory.
  • Explanatory: because it explains the facts and phenomena of reality and nature through laws or principles that are common and constant.

See also:

  • Science.
  • Scientific method
  • Scientific investigation
  • Characteristics of science.
  • Empirical knowledge.

Objectives of scientific knowledge

Scientific knowledge is also characterized by pursuing a series of objectives depending on its nature, among which we can mention.

  • Understand and explain with objectivity, rigor and precision the why of things.
  • Discover the constant relationships in the phenomena.
  • Establish the laws and principles that these phenomena obey.
  • Understand the processes or laws that govern nature.
  • Establish conclusions of universal validity.