Pandemonium: origin, concept, synonyms, antonyms - science - 2023



The word "pandemonium”Has several meanings and uses, however the most common is the denominator to the capital of hell itself. This word is composed of other giregas, but its birth was not during classical Greece, but much later.

The word "pandemonium" comes from the English "pandemonium" and this in turn from the giriego "pan", which means "everything" and "daimonion", which means "demon". It means the opposite of "pantheon" ("theos" means "god").


This word (which he incorporated into the Dictionary very recently, in 2014) is recognized by the Royal Spanish Academy and defines it as the imaginary capital of the infernal kingdom.

He also associates it with "pandemonium", which would come to be the Spanish version of it and intended for the descriptive use of situations or places. The RAE defines it as a place where there is a lot of noise and confusion.

Anyway, it was not the Greeks who gave rise to this word, but it was John Milton (1608 - 1674), English poet and essayist world famous for his work Paradise lost.

This poem was published in 1667, is divided into 12 books, has more than ten thousand verses written without rhyme and is considered one of the fundamental works of English literature.

The play revolves around the problem of evil in a world created by God (good and almighty), who could quietly avoid it so that people may be happy. In it, the main characters are Satan, Adam, Eve and God. The first of them lives in Pandemonium, capital of hell.

The English painter, illustrator and printmaker John Martin (1789-1854) made "Pandamonium" (photo above), fantastic architecture inspired by Paradise lost. It is one of his most recognized works and is currently exhibited in the Louvre Museum in Paris, France.

Other meanings

This literary work, or rather the reference to Pandemonium, gave rise to various applications in the world of the arts. This is how comedies, series, novels, songs, anime, movies or even video games that carried or bear this word in their name can be described, although they did not always refer literally to its original meaning.

On the other hand, "pandemonium" or "pandemonium" is often used to describe a Dantesque scene where chaos, noise, crowds, confusion reign, in apocalyptic visions or the meetings of people with evil ends.

That is why some musical groups usually carry this word in their name, to give notion of the style of music they play or the philosophy of behavior to which they are related, one where the law in a group or society does not exist.

Thus, this word can be read or heard in newspaper articles or novels, for example, but it is not usually used in everyday speech.


Some words that mean the same as "pandemonium" or "pandemonium" are "chaos", "bewilderment", "anarchy", "disorganization", "disorder", "incoherence", "misrule", "hubbub", "hell" , “Hubbub”, “bataola”, “noise”, “scandal”, “noise”, “hubbub”, “orgy” or “disorganization”.


Meanwhile, the words that mean the opposite of "pandemonium" are "tranquility", "governance", "law", "justice", "order", "mandate", "rule", "norm", "paradise", "Regime", "administration", "peace", "eden", "silences," serenity "," equanimity "," balance "," poise "," equity ", or" calm ".

Usage examples

- "The lack of control seized the Chamber of Deputies and the premises became a true pandemonium."

- “The Government fell after the intense street protests that returned to the capital city in no man's land. A pandemonium ”.

- “Switzerland is a very calm country to live in that is not used to chaos. I wonder how they would react to pandemonium ”.

- "After the entrance of fans to the playing field, everything became a pandemonium."


  1. Pandemonium. (2019). Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy. Recovered from:
  2. Pandemonium. (2019). Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy. Recovered from:
  3. Robert Rosenblum. (1984). "The art of the XIX century". Recovered:
  4. "Paradise Lost". The John Milton Reading Room. Recovered from: