Meaning of Ionosphere - encyclopedia - 2023



What is Ionosphere:

The ionosphere or ionosphere It is an upper layer of the atmosphere, located between 80 and 500 km high, where ionization processes take place, hence its name. The word ionosphere is made up of two terms of Greek origin: ἰών (ion), which refers to the atom and its property of carrying electric charge, and σφαῖρα (sfaira), which means 'sphere'.


The main characteristic of the ionosphere is that, as a consequence of solar radiation, it is in permanent ionization. Ionization is the process by which atoms break to form ions, which causes extreme variations in temperature of its gases, which can range from -70 ° C to 1,500 ° C. Therefore, it is also known as thermosphereAlthough there are supporters of understanding them differently, as each name favors a different phenomenon: one ionization and the other thermal oscillations.

In the ionosphere, the electrons can move more freely because the density of the gases is much lower compared to the lower layers. This provides you with the conditions to be an excellent conductor of electricity, which facilitates propagation of radio and television waves.

The ionosphere in turn is subdivided into several layers, known by the letters D, E, F1 and F2. The lower layers, D and E, are suitable for low-frequency radio waves, while the higher layers, F1 and F2, reflect radio waves with higher frequencies.

See also Ionization.


In the ionosphere, in addition to the disintegration of meteorites, calls are made polar auroras, which are a direct consequence of the influence of solar winds on the Earth, whose particles are trapped by the magnetic field of our planet, giving rise to one of the most impressive light phenomena in the world.