Meaning of Caesar - encyclopedia - 2023
What is Caesar:
Caesar is a Roman surname that became a title representing the elected successors of the Roman empire.
Caesar comes from Latin fall. The Roman known in history with this surname was the dictator Gaius Julius Caesar who reigned in 46 BC.Gaius Julius Caesar's great-nephew followed the tradition of adopting the adoptive father's second surname, thus changing his name Octavian to Caesar Augustus when he was crowned the first emperor of Rome.
See also Emperor.
The term emperor and caesar are used interchangeably, since in the Roman empire the general-in-chief (imperator) also held the office of Caesar.
In the late Roman Empire, emperors were called augustus and elected successors were called Caesars.
Then give to Caesar what is Caesar's and to God what is God's
"Then give to Caesar what is Caesar's and to God what is God's" is a biblical phrase found in the book of Saint Matthew, chapter 22, verse 21. It refers to the answer that Jesus gives to the Pharisees to silence them in the face of the provocation launched before the dilemma of adopting the teachings of God or obeying the emperor Pontius Pilate. Here is an excerpt from the text within the biblical context:
15. Then the Pharisees withdrew to discuss with each other how they might surprise him in what he spoke. 16. And his disciples sent him with some Herodians who told him: Master, we know that you are truthful, and that you teach the way of God according to the pure truth, without respect for anyone, because you do not look at the quality of people. 17. This of course, tell us what you think: Is it or is it not lawful to pay tribute to Caesar? 18. To which Jesus, knowing their malice, answered: Why do you tempt me, hypocrites? 19. Show me the currency with which the tribute is paid. And they showed him a denarius. 20. And Jesus said to them: Who owns this image and this inscription? 21. Answer him: From Caesar. Then he replied: Give to Caesar what is Caesar's and to God what is God's. 22. With this answer they were amazed, and leaving him, they left.