Human rights, plurality, privacy and freedom in the media - science - 2023



The human rights, plurality, privacy and freedom in the media they are seen as the rights that all individuals should have within the world's societies. Regardless of cultural differences, these powers must be the fundamental principles that make up a nation.

Pluralism is intrinsically associated with freedom in the media; that is, it is defined as a social value whose purpose is to ensure that the media reflect the diversity of opinions and the social and political realities of a country.

Human rights, plurality, privacy and freedom in the media are necessary rights that are usually established in countries with democratic systems. Furthermore, pluralistic media are capable of meeting the demands of societies that want to be heard.

Over time, authoritarian policies and populism on the part of many governments have overshadowed the importance of human rights, plurality, privacy and especially freedom in the media. Politically, if at least one of them fails, you are generally prone to all of them.

Human rights

Human rights are powers that all people must possess to enjoy quality of life and basic goods. All humans should have these rights, regardless of race, sex, nationality, language, or any other cultural distinction.

All people have the right to enjoy these principles, without any type of discrimination. Human rights include: the right to life, general freedom, freedom from slavery, freedom of expression and opinion, the right to work, to education, to personal security, among others.

Since December 10, 1948, these rights are protected by the United Nations (UN) after the end of the Second World War.

Since that date, one of the most important documents in the history of humanity originated: the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, translated into more than 500 languages.

The governments of the world must ensure the fulfillment of the human rights of each nation, instructing the members of their societies to adhere to them. These rights as a function of promoting and protecting the fundamental freedoms of individuals and social groups.


Plurality refers to a set of opinions, people and things that coexist in the same space. It is a concept that allows accepting, tolerating and recognizing the existence of different opinions, positions and thoughts of individuals and social groups.

Plural systems allow the opinion of all those who are part of groups and who deserve to be heard to be taken into account. The best ideas for the development of a better society are born in these types of systems (in politics, economics, culture, etc.).

Plurality is part of the rights that human beings have; furthermore, they complement freedom of expression, choice, personal recognition and respect for different ideas. Plurality refers to the multiplicity of opinions, political, religious and cultural points of view.

This term is widely associated with politics and especially democracy; that is, those who adopt it are capable of promoting different ideologies and making human decisions within a particular government. Plurality allows governments to be able to motivate dialogue and debate.

The oppression of plurality causes a lack of understanding, the struggle for power, the imposition of a doctrine or ideology and, in many cases, the violation of human rights.


Privacy is defined as the development of an individual in a reserved and intimate space. It is the right that subjects have to be able to isolate themselves at a certain moment; that is, the confidentiality protected from other people.

Today, the information society, governments, companies and technology threaten privacy more intensely than ever. While globalization is often a positive phenomenon, it undermines individual privacy in a sense.

Privacy is part of one of the universal human rights. Article 12 of the Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations Organization establishes the need for individual privacy.

The article clearly explains the obligation that all individuals in the world have to respect private, individual and family life.

Does not accept the possibility of attacks against the family home; promotes your honor and respects your reputation. Everyone has the right to legal protection against attacks and threats to their privacy.

The right of all individuals in the world not to be subjected to a violation of their privacy by governments, companies or other individuals, is part of the privacy policies and laws of many nations.

Freedom in the media

Freedom in the media is widely associated with freedom of expression (considered as one of the requirements of human rights).

The media are a form of learning and entertainment; Its main function is to report on different events that affect companies.

Many world organizations - such as UNESCO - have taken it upon themselves to promote press freedom as synonymous with the right to freedom of expression.

The media are crucial for the transformation and restoration of societies in all their aspects (political, economic and social).

Countries are charged with providing citizens with daily access to information, media protection, and pluralism. The United Nations Organization is a facilitator of freedom of expression and the media.

Governments and freedom in the media

According to several surveys carried out by UNESCO, media freedom is in decline in many countries around the world.

Various governments have tried to limit freedom of expression, which is directly reflected in the decrease in freedom of communication media such as the press, radio, television, etc.

Excessive control in politics has restricted access to the media in countless nations of the world over time.

Censorship, violation of the principle of confidentiality of sources and conflicts of interest are some of the violations of freedom in the media by some governments.


  1. Human Rights, Portal United Nations, (n.d.). Taken from
  2. Meaning of Pluralism, Website Meanings: discover what it means, concepts and definitions, (n.d). Taken from
  3. Privacy, Wikipedia in English, (n.d). Taken from
  4. Freedom of the media, Socialists and Democrats Portal, (n.d.). Taken from
  5. Trends in the freedoms of the media, UNESCO Portal in Spanish, (n.d). Taken from